Very large ears, the largest of all canines, their small size and padded feet distinguish the fennec fox from the
rest of the canine family.  The fennec is one of seven species of desert foxes. They are the smallest of all the
wild canines, weighing 2.5 to 4 pounds and varying in color from light sandy to reddish sandy color, with a
white to creamy white belly.  They have a full bushy tail with black tip and black marking on the base of their tail
where their scent gland is located.  The pads of their feet are fur covered for protection from the hot sand and
rocks in their native habitat.  They are nocturnal by nature; however, they do enjoy basking in the sun.

Native to the dry area of North Africa and the Sinai Peninsula, they are protected and listed on Appendix II by
CITES, and are considered threatened in the wild; however, their population is considered adequate in the
wild. They are captured for pets and for food in their native land.  They are omnivorous.  In the wild, they feed
on spiders, beetles and other insects, bird eggs, small rodents, plant material and fruits.  As burrowing
animals, they are known to dig tunnels 15 feet or more in a single night, usually at the base of small hills. They
are said to be able to sink out of sight in a moment!  The tunnels create protection from the hot daytime sun,
enemies such as vultures and jackals, as well as providing dens in which to raise their kits.
Their large ears are thought to help dissipate their body heat, as well as to help detect food, enemies or
potential mates.  They have a very acute sense of hearing, and are easily disturbed by loud noises. In the wild
they can live well away from water sources, as their systems are designed to get much of their water needs
met through their diet.  However, they should
always have water available for drinking in captivity.
Back in 1978, Lynn Halls' original fennec foxes were brought in from Libya by an oil worker.   Lynn acquired them in 1980, and set up
breeding in 1982.  There was very little known about the fennec foxes; indeed, they had been considered delicate and difficult to maintain
in captivity, let alone successfully breed.  With a long time of learning throughout the years, and collaboration with the zoo community,
success has been achieved for many years here.  A simple yet complete diet, along with proper housing and care has led to our success
with breeding healthy fennecs over the years.  We have a great reputation for the animals we raise, because we put the time and energy
into every aspect of their care, hand-rearing and socialization of the kits.  We have several pairs set up, and pedigree information going
back over
30 years.  We are a full participant & advisor with the AZA Fennec Fox SSP program (Species Survival Program);
we also
provide support to other facilities,breeders, educational programs, veterinarians, private owners all over the world.

We are USDA licensed as well have a restricted species permit for the State of California.
**Please note that you should always check your state and local laws, as the fennec foxes are illegal in several
states for private ownership,
including California.**  California does not allow Fennec Foxes as pets.  No reputable breeder will
sell you one if you live in California; if an illegal fennec is found, it will be confiscated and euthanized.

A site to check for regulations in all states:
State Laws

Always look for a reputable breeder, ask questions, do your research, check your state and local laws,  find a qualified
BEFORE you decide to get any animal or bird!

The first litters are generally born in March/April; a second breeding can bring kits to be born in summer.  All kits are pulled
hand-rearing before their eyes open, usually by day 10.  A parent raised fennec fox is not nearly so calm and adaptive
to living in captivity; this is why we pull and hand-rear all kits, whether for breeders, educational programs or pets.  Raising
fennec kits is a 24/7 job, with feedings around the clock in the beginning.  They are bottle-fed and well socialized for the
best adaptation for their future lives.  Our focus is on breeding for the future of the species in captivity, and we feel that this
helps to provide healthy animals to other
licensed facilities, zoos, educational programs and more...instead of importing from
the wild.

We keep all our fennecs in pairs, year-round.  The pair bond is very important, as the male brings food to the female when
she has her kits; he also helps defend the den.  We keep them in pairs throughout their lifetime here, they are very social
animals and tend to become quite bonded.  We don't house or breed in trios, as in our experience and that of others, it has
been shown to cause lack of breeding, destroyed kits, and aggression between the females.  Each pair is housed in a large
fully enclosed (top and bottom) pen with a safety, and a substrate of sand.  They have a
den box for hiding and whelping,
shelves for sunning, and the pen is partly covered over top for further shade and protection from rain.  Of course, they have
their favorite toys, large PVC pipes and more.  We interact with each fennec daily, spending time with them and observing.  
Most of the breeders we have are very friendly and look forward to a good belly rub or ear scratching.  We feel it is
important to be able to handle your animals, whether breeder or pet, to be able to examine them closely and catch them up
when necessary to administer vaccines or other care.  If they are comfortable with you, they will be less stressed and calmer
overall.  Fennecs with very young kits are well known to be quite sensitive to disturbance of any kind, and will quickly kill
their kits as a defense measure.  When the kits are first born, we do not disturb the den and limit unnecessary activity
overall, including not allowing anyone near their pens.  Once the kits are about 1 week old or so, they are not quite as
sensitive.  Each pair is different on what they will tolerate, so you need to know your animals!

Vaccines are very important, and very specific as to what works for a fennec fox! We do not give any live vaccines or
puppy combo shots; we have heard too many horror stories about fennecs that have died due to being given inappropriate
vaccines and amounts.  Fennecs are susceptible to both Parvo and Distemper. Fennecs can also be vaccinated for Rabies,
given heartworm prevention, flea treatments and de-worming.  Please check with your exotic vet for the appropriate
protocols; they can contact us for further information if necessary.

We provide an information
data sheet with our kits, which includes birth date,diet, housing, medical information, vaccines
given plus amounts and dates of next booster shots and more.  We do
ship, via airlines.  We prefer Continental Airlines, as
they do an outstanding job with the animals and birds!  A health certificate is also provided, as is a lifetime of answering
questions.  We have excellent references, and many of our fennecs can be seen in zoos or educational programs around
the country.

Please note that we are always available to answer questions, no matter how big or small they may seem.  We gladly share
the information and experiences we have as
that which works for us, not as experts or the only way to do things!  We
have information that we've gathered to share with veterinarians, such as blood values, x-rays and ultrasounds for
comparison.  There is so much still unknown about the fennec foxes, both in the wild and in captivity.  We hope to add more
and more to our knowledge base over time regarding all aspects of fennec foxes, both in the wild and in captivity.  We have
a lot of experience with breeding and hand-rearing. I have personally raised over 2
50 kits throughout the years, and found
that every litter and each kit is different!
If you are interested in one of our fennec foxes, please fill out our questionnaire form and submit it to us.  We will get back to
you right away.  Our focus is on zoological institutions both public and private, licensed educational and breeding programs.

New!!  Click Here for Fennec FAQ's

There is a wonderful guide available, written by Lynn Hall.  It is a good basic guide to the care and breeding of the fennec
fox.  If you'd like to get a copy of his booklet, please e-mail us for mailing information.
 The cost is $12.50 including postage,
we can accept Paypal.

Click on the link below for
an article
written by Lynn Hall:

Fennec Article

*Please note all information here is copyrighted material and available for personal information only; it cannot
be reprinted or copied onto another website without
express written permission from Exotic Endeavors and
proper credit given.